ExoTheology & Space-Age Interpretations of the Bible

(religious implications of an inhabited universe)

Ezekiel 1

Blumrich, Josef F. The Spaceships of Ezekiel. Corgi Books, 1974.

Jessup, Morris K. UFO and the Bible. New York: Citadel Press,  1956. Also available here.

Orton, Arthur W. “The Four-Faced Visitors of … Ezekiel.” Analog Science Fact & Fiction. March 1961, p. 99.   Also available via Project Gutenberg here.

The March 1961 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Science Fact contains a piece by Arthur W. Orton entitled “The Four-Faced Visitors of Ezekiel”. Although described in the magazine’s Table of Contents as a short story, it actually takes the form of a pseudo-factual essay presenting a verse-by-verse analysis of Ezekiel’s vision and interpreting this in terms of an encounter with ancient astronauts. In this respect the essay mirrors J. F. Blumrich’s book The Spaceships of Ezekiel (1974), despite predating it by more than a decade.

Von Daniken, Erich. “Was God an Astronaut?” (chapter four of Chariots of the Gods?)

Wikipedia: “Religious Texts” under “Ancient Astronauts”


In the Biblical Old Testament, the Book of Ezekiel tells of a flying object seen as a fiery whirlwind which when descended to the ground gave the appearance of being made of metal. It is described among other things as a wheel within a wheel containing four occupants, “living creatures”, whose likeness was that of man. The passage goes on to say that wherever the wheels went the creatures went, and when the living creatures were lifted up the wheels were lifted up.[22] In chapter 4 of Chariots of the Gods?, entitled, “Was God an Astronaut?” von Däniken refers to the vision of Ezekiel, suggesting Ezekiel had seen a spaceship, a hypothesis Morris Jessup had put forward in 1956[23] and Arthur W. Orton in 1961.[24] A detailed version of this hypothesis was described by Josef F. Blumrich in his book The Spaceships of Ezekiel.[25]


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